Browsing articles in "Grayndler Speeches"
Apr 25, 2018

ANZAC Day Dawn Service Address at Petersham Town Hall – Ordinary People, Extraordinary Lives – Wednesday, 25 April 2018

Earlier this month some of our greatest sporting heroes thrilled the nation at the Commonwealth Games.

Australians watched with pride as young people from all over the Commonwealth played together in a spirit of friendly competition.

In many ways, sporting events celebrate freedom – the freedom to test yourself against your peers in a celebration of shared humanity.

ANZAC Day is a time to reflect on freedom – how it was won and how it has been maintained over our nation’s history.

In 2018 each of us is at liberty to pursue our lives and passions in whatever way we choose.

Whether it is sport, the arts, business or any other endeavour, being Australian means you have at least the potential to do what you want and be who you want.

But our freedom did not appear out of nowhere.

It was won for us by generations of men and women who served our nation in war.

We owe those men and women a debt of gratitude.

They were ordinary people, just like the people gathered in this historic Town Hall.

They were young.

They were optimistic.

They had the world at their feet.

They were poised to make their mark.

But because of circumstances beyond their control, they were required to shelve their aspirations and risk their lives to preserve freedom – their freedom and ours.
Many never came home.

At Gallipoli, for example, there were 26,111 Australian casualties, including 8,709 deaths.

Across World War I, out of a population of less than five million, 61,522 Australians lost their lives.

Today that would be like having over 300,000 leaving our shores never to return.

Just imagine all of those lives cut short.

… and all of that precious human potential that was never given a chance to bloom.

There will always be debates about the rights and wrongs of war.

They are important debates.

But Anzac Day is not about that.

It’s about recognising the extraordinary grit and courage of generations of average Australians, many of them from our own community in Sydney’s Inner West.

One of them was William Mathew Currey, who was born in Wallsend in 1895 but moved to Leichhardt for work before joining the army in October, 1916.

Less than a year later William won the Victoria Cross for single-handedly attacking and defeating the crews of two field guns, which prevented them firing upon his comrades.

After the war William became the first VC winner to enter the NSW Parliament as the Labor MP for Kogarah.

He died in 1948.

William was one of us – just a bloke from the Inner West.

So was John Bernard Mackey, known to his mates as Jack.

Jack went to school just down the road at St Colomba’s at Leichhardt and Christian Brothers’ High School, Lewisham.

In May of 1945, on Tarakan Island in Indonesia, Jack Mackey charged two machine gun positions, killing the Japanese soldiers firing on his mates before being shot dead as he attacked a third.

Jack was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously.

John William Best was from Petersham. He died in action at Gallipoli, aged 18.

Victor Stringfellow worked at the Petersham Post Office. He died in action near Polygon Wood on 27 September, 1917, aged just 17.

Victor’s father, Private Charles Stringfellow, also served in the AIF and was killed in action in April 1917.

And it wasn’t just men.

Jean Keer Greer, known to her friends as Jenny, was also from Petersham.

She was imprisoned by the Japanese for three and a half years in Sumatra.

Ordinary people.

But they did extraordinary things and we are the beneficiaries.

Today is also a day to recognise the extraordinary efforts of today’s members of the Australian Defence force, including those based in Australia and those who are on duty overseas.

Like the men and women of previous generations, today’s young Australians can be counted on to not just enjoy the benefits of freedom, but to put their lives on the line to defend it.

When I was young, it was common to meet veterans of the two world wars.

You could shake their hands and hear their yarns.

But back then, people wondered whether ANZAC Day would continue after all of those men and women had passed away.

It has not only continued, but gained significance.

Australia has been involved in many other conflicts and all service people, wherever and whenever they served, deserve and receive our recognition and our gratitude.

That will continue.

But beyond this, Australians have a deep cultural understanding of the significance of ANZAC Day.

This is partly due to the growing interest in ancestry and the ease with which people can access the service records of their forebears at places like the Australian War Memorial.

But our national memory goes deeper than that.

We feel in our bones that if history had taken a different turn, it might have been us having to fight for freedom instead of the Jack Mackeys and Jenny Keer Greers of this world.

And as we contemplate whether we would have risen to the challenge as they did, we cannot help but be deeply moved by their selfless sacrifice.

That’s why so many people attend ANZAC Day commemorations.

It’s why schools teach the history and why parents make sure to pass down their stories through the generations.

It’s why people buy Legacy Badges and bow their heads when they hear The Ode.

So today, let’s count our blessings and remember where they came from.

And once again resolve that we will never forget.


May 26, 2017

Address to Google Digital Skills Forum – Balmain

Just the other week in Perth I spoke at a conference about the pace of technological change.

We know that change can improve our lives and we know it frees us from certain kinds of labour.

But, of course, change has no conscience.

It does not care or even consider its impact on people.

And this is where we come in.

The fact is that governments, business leaders like you, and industry leaders such as Google have such an important role to play when it comes to making sure people continue to have access to the opportunities they need to stay ahead in a fast-paced world.

So congratulations for thinking ahead. I want to recognize the hard work of Google, the NSW Business Chamber, the Leichhardt & Annandale Business Chamber and the Balmain Rozelle Chamber of Commerce in organising today’s training session.


It is a pleasure to be here in Balmain – the old, industrial working heart of the inner west.

I grew up near here, in Camperdown.

Like many of you I have observed Balmain and Camperdown transform over the decades.

In many ways these suburbs are emblematic of our nation’s economic transformation from industrial to knowledge-intensive and skills-based.

Old workers cottages now sell for well over $1 million.

Warehouses have been filled in with designer apartments.

And our local businesses are increasingly diverse.

They reflect the assortment of needs each person in our community has.

But of course a number of local businesses have endured the test of time and I want to acknowledge one, in particular; the iconic Brays Books on Darling Street.

I remember the emergence of e-books. Many said then bookshops were dead.

However in the US independent booksellers are thriving and here, in Australia, book sales have picked up since 2015.

The simple fact is, reading an e-book isn’t the same as a physical book.

And that’s one of the reasons why bookshops are still here.

But it’s also because businesses like Brays Books adapt to change.

Brays today has Facebook, Twitter and a blog.

And I know the inner west is home to many businesses that have popped up inside people’s houses.

These business owners are creative. They are responsive to technological change and determined to succeed.

And with higher internet uptake in our area than any place in Australia, online presence and accessibility is crucial for our businesses.

What’s more, the benefits that come with the conversion of White Bay and Glebe Island into a technology hub must also not be lost.

I will continue to advocate for government action to achieve this.


The Commonwealth should be doing everything in its power to support the development of small business.

After all they underpin both the economy of places like Balmain, but also the nation.

We should be investing in creativity and leading the way internationally when it comes to small businesses.

But of course politics can get in the way of the basic realities that confront us and affect the way we live.

Let’s take the NBN for example.

Labor had a plan for high-speed, fibre-to-the-premise, broadband for Australia.

We were determined to do it once, do it right and do it with fibre.

We had funded it, and we were building it.

The Coalition, in contrast, always had another plan.

First Tony Abbott appointed Malcolm Turnbull as Shadow Minister for Communications saying, “Who better to hold the government to account here than Malcolm Turnbull … who has the technical expertise and business experience to entirely demolish the government on this issue.”

Then, after the Coalition was elected in 2013 it declared the NBN could not be funded off Budget.

Sometime after that the Coalition changed its rhetoric – adopting the principle, but none of the substance, abandoning fibre-to-the-premise for its significantly inferior hybrid model.

The result is Fraudband, not high speed Broadband.

And earlier this month it has been revealed that Malcolm Turnbull has purchased 15 million metres of copper wire for his second rate network.

Fifteen million metres.

Enough to wrap around Australia.

They have increased the cost and decreased the speed.

Our businesses need better than this from the Commonwealth.

They need reliable, fast broadband so that they can be connected to this increasingly technological world.


In some ways, today’s children are already being schooled to think differently from previous generations.

They are already experts in coping with change, because during their short lives, it has been a constant.

For example, anyone who uses a computer knows the software is constantly upgraded and updated, requiring us to amend our habits when it comes to simple functions like creating and sending documents.

While many older people find that frustrating, for young people it is a natural part of life.

In the future workforce, jobs will evolve in the same way.

The role you take on one year could evolve considerably in a very short time to something that looks quite different.

While today’s young people are already thinking in more flexible ways, I worry about older people losing their jobs now and in the next few years.

I worry about their ability to reskill, both in terms of personal mindset and in terms of the opportunities that will be available to them.

In particular, I worry about what will become of low-skilled workers who occupy the jobs that will be eliminated first.


And that’s why today’s Digital Skills Workshop is so critical.

It encourages business owners and leaders like you to not only continue to adapt, but also to come together and talk to each other about the change we face.

I look forward to continuing to work with you in my capacity as the Member for Grayndler and wish you all the best.


May 2, 2017

Address to Year 11 Students – Christian Brothers’ High School, Lewisham

I grew up in council housing in Camperdown, in one of those neighbourhoods where everybody knew everybody – for better, or for worse.

We were a real tight knit community.

So when the Sydney City Council decided to sell-off our houses, the residents banded together to fight the decision, eventually winning.

You see, we weren’t just fighting for bricks and mortar.

We were fighting for our homes.

For our community.

For respect.

If this sounds like a familiar tale, you would be right.

Recently, the NSW Government sold more than 200 homes in Millers Point.

It intends to do the same with the iconic Sirius Building in the Rocks.

Residents, like 90 year old Myra Demetriou from Sirius, have lived in the area for more than sixty years.

They don’t know anything else.

But they do know the intricacies of their neighbourhood.

They know their local doctor.

They know the people next door.

Now the Government argues that through the sale of these homes more funding will be available to build extra social housing elsewhere in Sydney.

As students, as future leaders, this is something for you to think about – what would you do?

The so-called greater good argument can be convincing.

On a simplistic level, the argument that many more people will benefit from the sale of these homes than those adversely impacted sounds attractive.

But this argument does not stand up to proper scrutiny.

This is certainly the case for those directly impacted, but it is also the case for the health of the city as a whole.

I fundamentally believe successful cities are not disconnected enclaves of privilege and disadvantage.

They are diverse.

Their people come from a multitude of backgrounds.

People are connected to their communities.


This brings me to Edmund Rice.

It was Edmund Rice who said:

“Were we to know the merit and value of only going from one street to another to serve a neighbour for the love of God, we should prize it more than silver and gold.”

But the world has shifted dramatically since Edmund Rice founded his schools, the legacy of which is your school today.

Indeed, the world has changed since my childhood and teenage years spent growing up in Camperdown and attending a Christian Brothers’ school, St Mary’s Cathedral.

The challenges you face are different.

But I believe many of the same principles still hold their relevance.

Sydney is a brilliant city.

We’re on track for rapid growth.

The fact is; urbanisation is transforming our nation.

As our cities grow, and increase in density, we need to think about how we can create opportunities to build and enhance the quality of life of local communities.

So that people choose to cross the street, as Edmund Rice said, to help a neighbour.

As the Shadow Minister for Cities, this is something I’m passionate about.


But if the world is changing so fast, how can we sustain the social justice agenda of Edmund Rice throughout this century?

In New York, in 2002, Brother Phillip Pinto spoke about the Edmund Rice tradition.

He said:

“Our schools exist to challenge popular beliefs and dominant cultural values, to ask the difficult question, to look at life from the standpoint of the minority, the victim, the outcast, and the stranger.”

The thing is; an aspiration for social justice is always relevant.

It’s always needed.

Particularly now.

What we don’t always understand is that because of globalisation, some people are feeling left behind.

Excluded from opportunities.

Here in the inner west we are the beneficiaries of a globalised world.

I love walking down Marrickville Road and seeing the legacy of the Greek and Italian immigrants, the Portuguese, the Chinese and Vietnamese, and more recently the Lebanese and Pacific Islander communities.

We are so lucky to have won the lottery of life that is living here in Australia.

But this is not the experience of everyone.

Globalisation and the shift to a knowledge-intensive economy, away from manufacturing, mean some people question where they fit in this changing world.

Technology has left many without secure employment, and many of these people blame globalisation.

I was concerned when the Brexit vote in the United Kingdom succeeded.

I was concerned when Donald Trump tapped into the fear of many who felt disenfranchised by the global economy to become President of the United States of America.

And I am concerned every time I’m in Canberra and see Pauline Hanson in the halls of Parliament House.

But the fact is; we need to work hard to understand where this sentiment comes from, so that we can do what we can to fix it.

And this means having the hard discussions.

The onus is on me, as a politician, to make sure all people do feel like they are being heard and represented.

But the onus is also on you, as students, as our nation’s future leaders.

Throughout the history of politics, for some, appealing to division has been a fall- back position when the going gets tough.

Fear-mongering is dangerous because it makes it harder for us to have the important conversations we need to have as a nation; about climate change, about refugees and asylum seekers; about our economy.


I have a 16 year old son, and so I often reflect upon the challenges faced by your generation.

I worry about housing affordability, where even those in leadership positions have said that the only way young people can get into the property market is to inherit their parent’s home.

I worry about wages growth and employment opportunities.

I worry that in the face of urbanisation, unless we do something, the poor will become poorer and the rich, richer.

But then I walk into a classroom, or talk to a student on the street, and I’m filled with confidence.

It might be the case that there is no such thing as having the one job for life, but I’ve never met a smarter, more capable generation than yours when it comes to adapting to this new phase.

Accepting of each other.

Perceptive about society.

Inquisitive about the best way forward.

These are just some of the qualities I am so pleased to see in people your age today.


The fact is, the Edmund Rice tradition is echoed in the simple actions any person can take in their day.

It is about volunteering time to community organisations, which I know many of you do.

Helping those less fortunate than you or I.

But it can also be as simple as being kind to fellow human beings.

Listening, understanding, having patience.

And, sometimes, it can be as hard as speaking up when something is not right.

Even when you are the only person to do so.

As the saying goes, if we are to understand the future, we must first understand the past.

Edmund Rice could not have envisaged the world today when he founded his schools more than 200 years ago.

But since then, the Edmund Rice tradition has lived on and it will continue to do so through your actions.

I urge you to keep challenging the status quo.

Don’t cease asking difficult questions.

And always stand up for those in need.

Apr 25, 2017

ANZAC Day Dawn Service Speech: Their Sacrifice – Our Freedom

On the weekend, I watched a group of young men link arms and stand together in silent recognition of Anzac Day.

They were mainly Australians. But among them were New Zealanders, Samoans, Fijians and a trio of big, burly brothers from Great Britain.

They were rugby league players – young men in their prime.

And as I looked at their faces, I was taken by their solemnity.

It seemed to me that they understood that their freedom to live in peace and to pursue their sporting dreams did not just fall out of the sky.

It was purchased for them by the sacrifices of their ancestors.

The men who went to war in 1915 were a lot like the rugby league players.

They were young and fit.

The world was at their feet.

But the circumstances of history prevailed upon their generation to sacrifice their future, in order to guarantee our future.

They responded with selfless bravery and we – all of us – are the beneficiaries.

We have the freedom to do what we want to do. To be who we want to be.

But our ex-servicemen and women had to give up their dreams, their blood and, in far too many cases, their lives, for our benefit.

At Gallipoli there were 26,111 Australian casualties, including 8,709 deaths.

Across World War I, out of a population of less than five million, 61,522 Australians lost their lives.

Behind these staggering figures are people.

Many of them walked the same streets that we walked this morning to come to this ceremony.

Men like Fred Fardell, born just down the road from here in Rozelle.

Fred was a hairdresser. He lived with his wife Ethel in Church Street, Balmain, literally just around the corner from where we stand.

Fred joined up in February, 1916, at the age of 29.

He never came home.

Arthur Addison was another Balmain Boy – a brass finisher whose parents lived in Leichhardt.

Arthur joined the Army in February, 1915.

Then there was Victor Sellheim, a career army officer born in Balmain in 1866 who served in the Boer War and was a Colonel at the outbreak of World War I.

After the war, Victor remained in the Army until he was appointed Administrator of Norfolk Island, where he died in 1928.

We must never forget Fred, Arthur or Victor.

We must never forget the men and women who followed them to service in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and, in our own time, the ongoing war against terrorism.

We must never forget the sacrifices of their comrades from Australia, New Zealand, the United States, Great Britain and our other allies.

There will always be discussions about the rights or wrongs or war.

Those discussions are important. As a race, mankind must learn from the past and find a way to banish war for ever.

But that’s not what Anzac Day is about.

Anzac Day is about remembering that in our short history, generations of Australians have understood that there are times when we must oppose those who threaten our freedom and our way of life.

Australians can be an easy-going and laconic mob.

But when called upon to risk everything for others, generations of Australians have stepped up.

And as a nation we have prevailed.

When I was a young man, Gallipoli veterans still walked among us.

The legend of the Anzacs was so real that you could reach out and shake their hands.

But many people wondered whether Anzac Day would just fade away as the veterans of the two world wars passed on.

In the 21st century, the legend is not fading away.

It becomes stronger each year.

Families pass down the legends and schools teach the history.

Young people across the nation, just like our sporting heroes at the weekend, understand the importance of remembrance.

They understand that to be an Australian is to have won the lottery of life.

They also know in their hearts that we have a responsibility to respect and thank those who have sacrificed so they may enjoy their good fortune.

It’s why it has real meaning when we say, “Lest we forget”.

Feb 10, 2017

Speech to the Tom Uren Memorial Foundation for the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons – Sydney

Australia must play its part in abolishing nuclear weapons

In 1961 John F Kennedy told the United Nations:

Today, every inhabitant of this planet must contemplate the day when this planet may no longer be habitable. Every man, woman and child lives under a nuclear sword of Damocles, hanging by the slenderest of threads, capable of being cut at any moment by accident or miscalculation or by madness. The weapons of war must be abolished before they abolish us.

It is incredible to think that almost six decades on, this threat still exists.

We must continue to dedicate ourselves to eliminating this threat.

Every nation has a responsibility to work for a world free of nuclear weapons.

Australia is no exception.

That is why the work of ICAN in Australia and around the world, in helping to progress the disarmament agenda, is so important.

I come to this debate with the benefit of the testimony of a man who saw the horror of nuclear weapons first hand.

Tom Uren was imprisoned in a POW camp on the island of Omuta on 9 August 1945.

Just after 11am, the US detonated an atomic bomb over the city of Nagasaki about 80km away.

Estimates of the death toll ranged between 40,000 and 80,000.

That’s men, women and children. Nuclear weapons don’t discriminate.

Tom witnessed the explosion.

He later said:

It reminded me of those beautiful crimson skies of sunsets in Central Australia, but magnified about 10 times stronger, and it’s vividly … it’s never left me.

As you know, in October last year, the United Nations adopted a resolution to convene a UN conference in 2017 to negotiate a legally binding instrument to prohibit and eliminate nuclear weapons.

One hundred and twenty-three nations voted in favour of this resolution.

What is disappointing and unacceptable is that that Australia was not one of the countries that voted in favour of this resolution.

ICAN is right to herald this resolution as a potential breakthrough, after decades of paralysis in multilateral nuclear disarmament efforts.

Thanks to leaders like Tom Uren, Bruce Childs and Robert Tickner, the Labor Party has a proud tradition of advocacy for disarmament.

People like Melissa Parke and many others have tried to build on that legacy and maintain that struggle.

The Labor Party’s platform affirms our belief, committing our party to work toward the end of nuclear weapons and supporting the negotiation of a global treaty banning such weapons.

It says Labor will encourage the pursuit of further substantial reductions of nuclear arsenals and promote the development of processes to bring all nuclear armed states into the disarmament process.

As a non-nuclear armed nation and a good international citizen, Australian can make a significant contribution to promoting disarmament, the reduction of nuclear stockpiles and the responsible use of nuclear technology.

Indeed, our nation has a proud history of activism on the international stage, including in efforts to ban chemical and biological weapons and land mines.

We have now reached a time where an overwhelming majority of the world’s nations are ready to outlaw nuclear weapons, just as the world outlawed chemical and biological weapons and land mines.

There is no reason why we should not be providing leadership in the effort to ban nuclear weapons.

Australia must play our part.

Malcolm Turnbull should commit to attending the 2017 negotiating conference.

If Australia fails to participate, this will tarnish our international reputation as a disarmament supporter and, in doing so, fail to act to promote safety in our world.

So tonight, let us all recommit ourselves to supporting the work of ICAN and to seizing the present opportunity to make real progress towards a world free of nuclear weapons.


Jul 19, 2016

Transcript of remarks to SCA Vigil – Art Gallery of NSW

I begin by acknowledging the traditional owners of country and pay my respect to their elders past and present.

I’m proud as the newly elected federal member for Grayndler to have the Sydney College of the Arts in my electorate and I’m proud to stand with these students.

Sydney is a great global city and global cities value culture.

They value the enrichment that the arts give.

It’s appropriate that this demonstration of students and supporters of SCA take place outside the Archibald awards that are taking place inside the Art Gallery of NSW, because this magnificent institution has produced Archibald winners.

This magnificent institution makes a difference to Sydney. A global city such as Sydney needs enrichment, it needs the arts, it needs diversity. What it doesn’t need is the commercial imperative overriding the cultural need of this city.

And that is precisely what we are seeing here. The idea that Sydney College of the Arts is the same as an urban design faculty, the same as other institutions at UNSW and serves the same purpose, misses the whole point. The whole point.

SCA is also a focal point of the inner west community. The Callan Park master plan, which the State Government has refused to proceed with, sees the Sydney College of the Arts as being the catalyst for other arts and cultural activity at the Callan Park site.

Not only have the students of SCA not been given any certainty about their future, or what will happen to them from 2017, but the local community, the businesses of Darling St and Balmain Road that rely upon the students and the teachers for their living.

The residents of the inner west who are looking for Callan Park site to build the diversity and build the cultural activity around there, are concerned also about whether this is just an opportunity for a sell off of that land, or inappropriate use of that land.

The students I have met with have told me about the specific value of the site, such as the print area that is available there, that has been used for many, many years.

Art is something that you can’t always just put a dollar figure on. Just like human interrelationships and human activity can’t always be measured by the dollar. Human relationships are about much more than that, and that’s why the struggle of the students is about more than just them.

I pay tribute to them, because what they’re fighting for is the very nature of the way that we regard society; of the way we regard education, and; of the way that it’s more than something that just benefits the individual. It benefits all of us.

But what we’ve seen here from the university hierarchy, and I’ve written to Mr Spence on this issue, is again an institution such as Sydney Uni, that I’m a proud graduate of, being reduced to activity that is more and more commercial. That more and more, sees education as a transaction between an individual and an institution rather than something that benefits the whole of society.

So I say to the students here; congratulations. You look fantastic. And the local community stands with you in this struggle. This issue must be revisited and it must be revisited in the interests of students, in the interests of the community, but most importantly in the interests of this great global city and our reputation as a centre of arts and culture.

Well done. I stand with you and I will continue to stand with you on this issue

Apr 25, 2016

Address to Dawn Service, ANZAC DAY 2016 – Petersham Townhall

One hundred and one years after Australian troops landed at Gallipoli, we gather again today to recognize their immense sacrifice, as well as the sacrifices of those who followed in their footsteps.

Silently, sadly, we come to places like Petersham to confirm by our presence that we will never forget those who gave everything to protect our way of life.

There was a period a few decades ago when people speculated about what might happen to Anzac Day as the veterans of the First World War passed away.

In his song And The Band Played Waltzing Matilda Eric Bogle, wrote:

Year by year, more old men disappear,
Someday no-one will march there at all.

But that’s not what happened.

In the 21st century, our reverence for Anzac Day – particularly among young people – seems to be growing stronger.

It is not fading away.

Families pass down the legends.

Schools teach the facts and governments fund education campaigns and research projects.

Archeologists survey the old battle fields.

Young people planning backpacking holidays make sure they include Gallipoli on their itineraries.

As a people, we don’t forget.

People of my generation could literally reach out and touch the Anzac legend because its veterans were still participating in Anzac Day marches.

But those men are all gone.

The ranks for World War II veterans are also thinning.

Yet our national embrace of Anzac Day has not been weakened by the passage of time.
That is a very good thing.

What it says to me is that today’s young people understand the importance of freedom and the value of sacrifice.

Decades have passed since the World Wars.

But people still understand why Anzac Day is so important, including younger people who have never shaken the hand of a man who stormed the beaches of Gallipoli or patrolled the jungles of New Guinea.

I suspect there are two reasons for the durability of these national memories.

Firstly, Australians understand how lucky we are to live in a nation where freedom is seen as a birthright.

Our lifestyle is so free, and our futures so full of wondrous possibilities, that we have the ability to make whatever we wish of our lives.

That is a precious gift.

Not all people on this earth enjoy these freedoms, so Anzac Day reminds us how fortunate we are.

But it also reminds us that our way of life did not just fall out of the sky.

It was purchased for us by our forefathers on battle fields around the world.

Secondly, the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in the 21st century is a constant reminder that we cannot take our freedom for granted.

There are people in the world who openly swear that they want to destroy our lifestyle.

That’s the word they use: destroy.

That’s why Australian military forces are fighting right now in the Middle East.

We must support their efforts.

Like the generations we honour on Anzac Day, our generation must be prepared to sacrifice to defend freedom.

Not just our freedom, but the freedom of the generations who will follow us.

Today, we remember the dreadful price paid for that freedom.

At Gallipoli alone there were 26,111 Australian casualties, including 8,141 deaths.

Across World War I, out of a population of less than five million, 61,522 Australians lost their lives.

These are staggering figures.

One of the positive things about the information age is that it is becoming easier to access facts about the individual men and women who have served our nation over the decades.

Men like Vincent Alexander Burns, who lived right here at Petersham.

Vincent was a 23-year-old quantity surveyor who put his career on hold in 1915 to serve in France.

He never made it back.

He died in action 1917.

Or Phillip Henry Dawes – an accountant.

Phillip was born in Petersham in 1882 and served in France as a gunner.

He survived the war, but never recovered completely from the effects of being gassed twice.

Phillip died in 1946.

Others, like Charles Percy Taylor, were lucky enough to survive and resume their lives.

Charles joined the 1st Light horse Regiment at Liverpool in in July, 1915 and served on the Western Front until the end of the war.

He came home and returned to the building trade in the Inner West, living a long life before passing away in 1976.

These are the human faces of WWI.

They walked the same streets that we walked to come here today.

They were ordinary people.

But when faced with a challenge to our national way of life, they responded in an extraordinary way.

It’s not just the veterans of World War I that we remember today.

We think also of the men and women who served in WWII, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the many conflicts and police actions that have followed.

We also remember members of the military who are serving overseas right now.

Just as importantly, we salute the sacrifice of the loved ones of those who have fallen in wars throughout our history.

When we think of such losses, we must harden our determination to ensure that we always provide for the care and comfort of the spouses and dependents of Australians who fall fighting in our name.

Decades after wars end, hindsight gives historians the opportunity to critically examine the global political forces that led to conflict.

We can all discuss the rights and wrongs of our involvement in WWI or the Vietnam War, just as we can all take a view about our nation’s involvement in the Middle East today.

But there is one thing we must always remember.

Whatever factors lead to war, the men and women who have fought the wars in our history were not motivated by politics.

They were not motivated by ideology.

They were motivated by the desire to defend their families.

But importantly, they were also thinking about us – we who were not even born at the time of their service.

Generations of Australians have understood that freedom and democracy are the key factors underpinning the Australian way of life, which is the envy of the world.

Having won life’s lottery by being Australians, these men and women have responded to their good fortune by defending that way of life on behalf of their descendants.

We are the beneficiaries.

That’s why we must never forget.

Nov 16, 2015

The Challenge of Reform – The Michael Joseph Savage Address – New Zealand

Manawatu Golf Club, Palmerston North

I’m honoured to be invited here tonight to give the Michael Joseph Savage address.

The first Labor Prime Minister of New Zealand was a man whose strong human values and dedication to the welfare of others are as relevant today as they were when he died in office, at the height of his popularity, in 1940.

In the spirit of the friendly rivalry that exists between our two nations, I am often reminded that New Zealand has given Australia many of its most successful international figures.

Russell Crowe.

Neil Finn.

Sam Neil.

But tonight, let me turn the tables.

Michael Savage was in fact born in Australia, near Benalla, in the Australian state of Victoria.

It was 1872 and at this time, as bushranger Ned Kelly was causing chaos around this region, Michael Savage grew up to dream of a more just world and to take action to advance this objective.

Savage is revered in this country as the father of the social security system.

In the difficult years before World War II, he was one of the few national leaders prepared to criticize Britain’s appeasement of Germany, Japan and Italy.

He is known as a fighter, not just because he was a boxer as a young man.

He fought for people who most needed his help.

Told by doctors he had cancer and needed immediate surgery, Savage knocked them back, saying he wanted to focus on his getting his social reform program through the legislature.

Savage is remembered as a great communicator; a man who rallied those around him to the banner of justice.

A man who sought to unite, not divide.

A straight talker fond of putting decisions in their proper context.

For example, during World War II, as Prime Minister, Savage warned that it could become necessary to conscript “human flesh and blood’’ to fight World War II.

But he added that people should understand it would also be necessary to conscript private wealth to care for the families of servicemen who lost their lives.

This kind of spirit is reminiscent of one of Australia’s greatest prime ministers, Gough Whitlam, who in only three years from 1972 to 1975 pursued the same type of social reforms as Savage.

Both men hungered for justice.

And both kept their eye on the main game.

They did not use the power of high office to serve existing entrenched interests.

They challenged and redistributed the prevailing power relationships, such that New Zealand and Australia respectively were never the same.

By the time of their passing – Savage in 1940 while still in office and Whitlam just last year – both were seen as national heroes.

Tonight I want to argue that in 2015, any progressive party that wants to win elections needs to start from the proposition of putting people first by demonstrating how their lives will be improved by government policy decisions.

They must do something more.

They must also argue the case for long term reform that will make a positive difference to society beyond the short term interests of any individual member.



In sport and in politics, focus is important.

Just as the All Blacks won the World Cup by putting aside the hype and focusing on what mattered most, politicians must, like Savage and Whitlam did, keep their eyes on the main game.

Concepts like fairness, sustainability, the creation of opportunity and shared prosperity must be firmly in our sights.

In 2015 there is no doubt that such concepts are gathering favour globally.

Across the world right-wing governments are on the nose.

People are looking to the progressive left for a way forward.

The shift has also found its way to Australia, where the conservatives have dumped the aggressive and divisive conservatism of Tony Abbott in favour of Malcolm Turnbull.

Mr Turnbull is now busy appropriating Labor Party rhetoric across many areas and is presenting himself as the conservative you have when you don’t really want a conservative.

Of course, the truth is that Malcolm Turnbull has not changed the substance of the conservative Government.

But, in recognition of the public mood, he is attempting to engage people by talking about important policy areas including investing in cities and public transport – both banned by his predecessor.

The problem is that the Australian Government’s core policies have not changed under Mr Turnbull.

They still want to destroy trade unions.

They want to increase the regressive goods and services tax.

They still propose huge cuts to health and education.



Former Australian Labor Prime Minister Ben Chifley once described the labour movement as “bringing something better to the people, better standards of living, greater happiness to the mass of the people.’’

Chifley was articulating the idea that the labour movement encapsulates a spirit of selflessness – the idea that we are all here on this earth to do something more than feather our own nests.

While we seek personal success, most of us can’t tolerate seeing others being prevented from being their best because of their gender, colour or the circumstances of their birth.

This spirit points us toward a better place for all, while all the conservatives offer is a continuation of the status quo.

Ours is a compelling vision.

It speaks loudly to people who want their children to grow up in better circumstances than they did, an aspiration held by all parents.

The current shift toward progressive politics is confirmation that the real human mission in the 21st century is not to limit fairness, but to extend it.

Tonight, I want to offer five areas that should be core business for progressive parties in 2015 as we seek to respond to the public shift in sentiment.

1.    Future job creation and the economy.

2.    Developing our cities and regions.

  1. Building communities.
  2. Advancing equity.
  3. Environmental sustainability.



No government can survive if it cannot maintain a strong economy.

That’s part of the job description whatever your political affiliation.

But the difference between the left and right of mainstream politics when it comes to the economy is the reason we want a strong economy.

For the conservatives, a strong economy is an end in itself because it means more profits for business.

But Labor wants a strong economy because it generates jobs and government revenues that allow us to deliver ongoing reform.

It’s critical that we explain this difference to voters because it goes to our motives – what we actually stand for.

From this side of the Tasman you would be aware that Australian economic growth has declined in recent years due to the decline of the mining boom.

In my country, the competing political visions about how to deal with economic policy sum up the policy divide.

So far, Malcolm Turnbull has articulated two possible solutions.

The first is to increase the goods and services tax, which as New Zealanders know only too well, will hit pensioners and low-income earners harder than the wealthy.

The second, which is even more worrying, is to attack the wages and conditions of average workers to boost corporate profits.

Mr Turnbull, for example, wants to abolish Sunday penalty rates for workers in hospitality and tourism.

Existing arrangements mean many low-income workers rely on weekend penalty rates for a living wage.

There is ample scope in existing enterprise bargaining arrangements for workers and their employers to trade off penalty rates for higher base rates.

But Mr Turnbull is not looking for trade-offs.

He just wants lower wages.

In the same way, he proposes to destroy the Australian domestic shipping industry by exposing it to unfair competition by foreign-flagged cargo vessels paying third world wages.

On my last visit to New Zealand in 2011 I saw firsthand the extraordinary damage the Liberian flagged MV Rena caused off your pristine north coastline.

The jailing of the captain and navigation officer provides little comfort, given the damage.

Mr Turnbull has decided that because foreign vessels carry freight more cheaply than Australian vessels, he should run local operators out of business or force them to sack their Australian crews and replace them with cheaper foreign labour.

What a betrayal of the national interest.

Labor takes a different approach.

We seek to balance the legitimate hope of business that governments can reduce costs with the equally legitimate aspirations of average people to access employment with fair pay and conditions.

Instead of firing the starting gun on a race to the bottom on wages and conditions, we want to develop new, well-paid jobs in new industries, particularly in areas we can support by investing in innovation and research.

We want to see Australians working in areas like high value manufacturing, infrastructure development, financial and legal services, food and agricultural production, tourism, renewable energy, information technology, urban design, the arts and creative sector, education and health services.

To support those emerging sectors, we also need to invest heavily in our education and training systems to ensure that they produce graduates with the skills to fill these jobs of the future.

That’s an approach that takes people’s legitimate individual aspirations into account while also advancing long-term reform to broaden the economy.

And it’s a whole lot smarter and more sustainable than simply cutting people’s wages.



In an increasingly populous and urbanised world, no political party can be taken seriously if it sees no role for itself in promoting the productivity, sustainability and liveability of cities.

Across the world, cities are clogged with traffic congestion and held back by inadequate infrastructure.

In Australia, for example, a recently produced Infrastructure Australia report found that if we fail to act, congestion will cost the Australian economy $53 billion a year by 2031.

Part of the problem is a shift in work patterns, with the Digital Revolution driving jobs growth in service industries in central business districts and inner suburbs of cities.

The result is longer commuting journeys for average workers, who can’t afford homes close to town and live in the outer suburbs.

Governments must confront these trends head on.

We need better roads, public transport and where appropriate, greater housing densities to make our cities are as productive as they can be.

For governments in 2015, urban design cannot be ignored.

It requires that national government work with councils and industry on better design that creates more vibrant neighborhoods featuring more than just residential development, but also retail and entertainment opportunities and open space like parks, bikeways and walking tracks.

We need to accept that people are not just cogs in some economic machine that we can shift around at will without any consideration of human needs.

That means that wherever people live – close to town or further out – governments need to think about liveability.

In a carbon-constrained world, we also need to ensure that new developments optimize the use of renewable energy, water conservation, and other sustainability measures.

If we want to engage voters, we need to talk about their genuine concerns.

Those genuine concerns start with sustainability and everyday quality of life where they live.



The challenge for governments is what they can do in practical terms to promote liveability.

Australian demographer Hugh Mackay has done much work in this area, reminding us in his book The Good Life, that humans are sustained by deep social links.

It’s not up to governments to build those links.

That’s up to individuals.

But governments need to do more to promote and sustain human relationships by nurturing and maintaining local communities, which are the stages upon which people live their lives.

We can have all the money in the world, but, as Hugh Mackay has noted:

The thing we need most is each other.

Governments underappreciate the strength of the positive bonds that exist within functional communities and the desire among people to see those bonds strengthened.

Communities are more than simply places where houses and shops exist.

Too often, national governments turn their back on communities, ignoring the potential to collaborate with people to achieve better outcomes.

That needs to end.

We should support churches, sporting groups, clubs and other community based organisations.

We should invest in community based infrastructure and services, local cultural events and sporting festivals.

People want to work together.

Governments can help them to do so.



Equity must always be the guiding light for progressive political parties.

We insist that people have a fair chance to be the best they can be by having fair access to education and training.

We retain and protect a social safety net so economic disadvantage is not allowed to become so great that it holds people back.

We oppose discrimination against people on the basis of their sexuality, gender or colour.

The progressive left has long been the trailblazer in the cause of equity.

Much has been achieved, but there remains unfinished business.

In my country that means joining New Zealand in the 21st century by embracing marriage equality.

In a digital world, genuine equity means freedom of access to new technology.

There’s an interesting ongoing debate in Australia about the development of the National Broadband Network.

The former Labor Government designed the NBN to provide fibre optic cable carrying high-speed broadband directly to homes and businesses in Australia.

It was to be universal, the 21st century equivalent of providing water or energy.

But the Coalition has changed the project so that it will provide fibre to the node – a fancy way of saying that the fibre will be connected to a box on the street corner.

Consumers will pay to have it connected and the signal will travel from the street corner box to their home or business via copper networks.

This means that while Labor wanted everyone to have broadband access, Mr Turnbull wants to ration that access according to person’s ability to pay.

First rate access will be restricted to those who can afford it.

Our political opponents insist that their way will cost less and produce the same result, even though the truth is their NBN will cost twice as much as they promised and deliver half the Internet speed.

Compare this approach to that being taken here in New Zealand, where a similar debate is being conducted at a far more mature level.

The current government was wise enough to understand the importance of rolling out broadband to the home.

Under current planning, it is hoped that 75 per cent of New Zealanders will be connected via fibre to the premises by 2019.

And New Zealand Labour, unlike the conservatives when Labor held office in Australia, is not trying to undermine the project – only to hold the government to account in its performance in delivering the rollout.

That is as it should be.

As NZ Communications Minister Amy Adams said in Australia during a visit in August 2012:

It made better sense to do it now rather than have to come back in the future and retrofit fibre-to-the-node to fibre-to-the-home connection.

I understand there is dissatisfaction in this country at present over Internet services in rural areas.

That’s not surprising.

Equity matters, geographically as well as within individual communities.

Labor also insists on equity measures in taxation.

That means requiring multi-nationals that fill their coffers off the backs of consumers in nations like Australia and New Zealand actually paying their taxes in the places where they generate the profits, rather than playing accountancy tricks to send their profits offshore.

It also means taking action to ensure that the wealthiest individuals pay their fair share of tax, rather than using accountants and lawyers to not only minimise their exposure, but reduce their tax liability to zero.



There is no greater intergenerational issue than the environment.

Our world needs to deal with climate change, not prevaricate and kick the problem down the road for our children and our grandchildren.

Climate change is not some kind of international scientific conspiracy dreamed up by extremists who simply hate the mining and energy sectors.

It’s an economic issue.

The world is moving toward a carbon constrained future.

In Australia, our choice is simple.

We can do nothing and wake up one day in the future to find the market for coal is shrinking and that our international competitors have cornered the market on clean-energy technology.

Or we can embrace change as an economic opportunity.

There are fortunes to be made in emerging renewable energy sectors but the current government is turning its back on the reality of change.

Sustainability must be promoted to the very centre of our policy considerations across the board.



Let me conclude tonight by noting that progressive political parties all around the world are generally motivated by altruism.

We want people to get a fair go, to have a decent opportunity to be their best and to live rich and fulfilling lives.

Most human beings, whatever their political affiliation, would identify with that concept.

The task for the great labour movements of Australia and New Zealand is to tap into that egalitarian spirit and ensure it is reflected in our policies and in the way in which we explain them to the community.

Around the world, people are turning away from rigid ideology.

They are sick of mindless aggression and needless partisanship.

They want pragmatic government focused on them and on building them a better future.

That provides genuine opportunities for Labor, here and in Australia.

In New Zealand, Michael Savage responded to the challenge all those decades ago.

We must defend the gains that have made our respective nations successful and build on them.

It’s up to us to respond to the challenges of today.


Sep 19, 2015

The Light on the Hill Address ‘There is A Light That Never Goes Out’


It’s often said that the greatest speech ever delivered was Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address.

In less than 300 words, Lincoln’s tribute to the sacrifice of those who died in the cause of freedom drilled deep into the heart of the American spirit.

It was a landmark in human expression, not just for its lyrical beauty, but because it spoke directly to Americans about their national identity.

Because it focused on the great American dedication to the pursuit of liberty and sacrifice in the cause of freedom, it touched all Americans.

It still does.

Ben Chifley’s Light on the Hill speech was 484 words long.

But Chifley’s thoughts on the nature of the Australian labour movement are, in many ways, our equivalent of the Gettysburg Address.

When Chifley spoke of “bringing something better to the people’’ and praised those who gave freely of themselves to advance the circumstances of others, he was outlining the Labor Party’s mission statement.

But the Light on the Hill is not only about the ALP.

It’s a mission statement for the entire Australian people.

Chifley’s emphasis on selflessness, compassion and social justice speaks directly to all Australians about our national values.

Values like the Fair Go; the rejection of entrenched class divisions; equal respect for the highest achievers and the most humble of battlers; and our concept of community that is so recognizable in regional cities such as Bathurst.

Indeed, Chifley’s modestly stated aims promote the concept that while individualism might provide us with financial rewards, what Australians really seek are the greater rewards that come with living their lives to their fullest potential.

That is so much more than simply advancing our personal interests.

Australians want to be a part of something bigger than themselves – something that speaks to their deeply held values.

That spirit encapsulates the Light on the Hill.

It extinguishes the darkness of self-interest.

It illuminates what Abraham Lincoln himself referred to as the better angels of our nature.

It resonates deeply with a people who pride themselves on egalitarianism and mateship.

That’s why so many people invoke Chifley when they refer to Labor as the Party of the Light on the Hill.

They understand its power.

Labor’s call for collectivism, progress and shared prosperity is much closer to the values held by most Australians than the individualism that so excites the conservative parties.

When Labor gets it right, we have a compelling narrative.

Tonight, as we think about Ben Chifley and his contribution to our nation, I’d like to offer some ideas about how Labor can make sure we get it right now and into the future.

The conservatives have provided us with a clear example of how to get it wrong.

They admitted as much this week by knocking off the most-negative leader I have seen in my time in Parliament in Tony Abbott.

Mr Abbott had a plan to get into government, but no plan to govern.

That’s why there’s no sense of purpose or narrative emanating from our conservative opponents.

For them, the attainment of power is the end in itself.

The change in the conservative leadership doesn’t change that fundamental problem.

It is clear from Malcolm Turnbull’s first days as Prime Minister that he has put his personal ambition ahead of his convictions in critical policy areas including climate change, renewables, water sustainability for the Murray Darling Basin and marriage equality.

We all know what Mr Turnbull has said about these issues in the past.

But he has exchanged those principles for the keys to the Lodge.

Policy and intellectual integrity matter in public life.

Mr Turnbull has sacrificed both to become PM.

In doing so, he has given up the authenticity that Australians are seeking from their political leaders.

These actions also represent a breach of trust from the legitimate expectations that people had of Mr Turnbull.


Labor always performs at our best when our policies target the aspirations of the Australian people.

Those aspirations have motivated generations.

Above all, Australians want to ensure that their children have better opportunities than they enjoyed.

They don’t want a free ride.

They do want a Fair Go.

They want a chance to make something of themselves in life without artificial impediments like the circumstances of their birth or other factors outside their control.

Understanding these basic aspirations must always sit at the heart of Labor’s thinking.

While our opponents seek to empower the individual, we must dedicate ourselves to the many, not the few.

Our opponents believe that if the state just gets out of the way, everyone will be better served.

Labor seeks office so we can use the power of the state to intervene to make a real difference to people’s quality of life and their access to opportunity.

If we see a barrier to fairness, we are prepared to use the power of the State to make a difference.

Or, in the words of Ben Chifley:

I try to think of the labour movement, not as putting an extra sixpence into somebody’s pocket, or making somebody Prime Minister or Premier, but as a movement bringing something better to the people, better standards of living, greater happiness to the mass of the people.


Our long history is adorned with great leaders.

From Chris Watson through to John Curtin and Chifley himself and on to Gough Whitlam, Bob Hawke, Paul Keating, Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard, our record speaks to our ideals.

We build in a real sense through the delivery of great infrastructure.

Think of Ben Chifley’s Snowy Mountains Scheme, the transcontinental railway, the major national highway network and the National Broadband Network, to name just a few.

While others talk about infrastructure, Labor builds it.

But Labor’s most cherished capital project has been building up the social capital of the Australian people.

We empower Australians with education and training, delivering opportunity and unlocking human potential.

We introduced universal health care, building in people the sense of security that comes with knowing that if they become ill they will receive care, whatever their financial means.

We built the social safety net that ensures that all people, regardless of their economic means, are treated with the dignity that we regard as a birthright.

Indeed, when you consider all of the game changing social and economic reforms in our nation’s history, they were delivered by Labor governments.

Action on climate change; childcare; education; fair industrial relations; the National Disability Insurance Scheme, compulsory superannuation.

The list goes on.

Labor is also the author of the great statements of national leadership that have helped Australians come to terms with our past and set the scene for a better future.

Once seen, the great photograph of Gough Whitlam pouring red soil into the hands of Vincent Lingiari can never be forgotten.

And the proudest moment of my time in Parliament was when Kevin Rudd rose to deliver the historic national apology to our stolen generations

Labor always leads the way.

In 2015, as we prepare to write the next chapter of the great Labor story, our history must be our reference point.

We must always deal with the urgent needs of present circumstances.

But we must also always be looking to anticipate the future and, by doing so help to create that future.

A future where people come first.

Whilst this principle has guided my political engagement, I was struck by a QANTAS billboard when travelling through an Airport this week.

It depicts a QANTAS pilot saying, “I don’t just fly planes for a living, I fly people and there’s a difference”.

Indeed there is.

It’s a powerful message that shows that keeping people at the centre of the business equation is just as critical as putting people first politically.

Tonight, I want to raise five points that encapsulate a plan for an approach that puts people first can drive the agenda of the future Labor Government.

They are:

  1. Future job creation and the economy.
  2. Developing our cities and regions.
  3. Building communities.
  4. Advancing equity.
  5. Environmental sustainability.



Building a strong economy is a core responsibility of Government working with the private sector.

For Labor however, a strong economy is not an end in itself.

It’s about creating jobs for Australians.

And it’s about generating the national wealth to fund nation changing reform.

As the resources sector moves from the construction to the production phase and beyond, the current Government has failed to identify and prepare for the jobs of the future.

Our location in the fastest growing region of the world gives us an advantage. China and India have increased their economic size by 6 times in the last two decades. In just one decade the Asian region will account for half of the global economy.

Our superb natural environment is another advantage. Our biggest advantage is the ingenuity and creativity of our people.

We must identify future opportunities now and create policy frameworks that facilitate the realisation of those opportunities, including the provision of education and skills appropriate to these future jobs.

High value manufacturing, infrastructure development, financial and legal services, food and agricultural production, tourism, renewable energy, information technology, urban design, the arts and creative sector, education and health services are all sectors primed for expansion.

The shift to a carbon constrained global economy provides extraordinary opportunities if we end the distraction of the climate skeptics in our national discourse.

Australians have been responsible for some of the world’s greatest advances from WiFi, the bionic ear and breakthroughs in solar and wave technology.

What we have not done as well as maximise the commercial opportunities that these advances have made possible.

Australia stands at a crossroad when it comes to the nature of future job creation.

Labor rejects the idea that we should compete in our region by lowering wages and conditions.

We must create high value jobs that allow for a continued improvement in living standards and fairness in our workplaces.

And we need to understand that while Australians want jobs, they don’t want their jobs to rule their lives.

We want to retain room to meet our commitments to our families, our friends and our communities.

Otherwise, we start to feel like units of production, rather than human beings.

For our political opponents, the nature of employment is solely about meeting the needs of business.

The current government goes even further.

It is prepared to destroy Australian jobs as though an individual’s job security is meaningless.

There’s a stunning example of this phenomenon in my own shadow portfolio of transport.

It’s in Australia’s economic, environmental and national security interests to maintain a vibrant domestic shipping industry.

Yet legislation before the Parliament would allow foreign ships to compete on domestic routes, paying third world wages.

No other advanced nation has such a regime.

This is a case of unilateral economic disarmament.

Evidence before Parliament from Mr Bill Milby of North Star Cruises has confirmed that he was advised that in order to compete he should reflag his ship and replace his Australian crew.

The Australian flag should not be replaced with the white flag on Australian jobs.

We need to balance the legitimate hope of business that governments can reduce costs with the equally legitimate aspirations of average Australians to employment with fair pay and conditions.



The current government’s is not interested in shaping our cities and regions.

This is evident in their approach to traffic congestion which has been exacerbated by a major shift that is under way in patterns of work in our cities.

In previous decades, jobs growth was strongest in the outer suburbs of big cities, close to affordable housing.

But this is changing.

The rise of the Digital Age means jobs growth is now concentrated in services industries like insurance and information technology which are based in inner suburbs.

This result is longer commuting journeys for average workers.

It is a tragedy that many working parents spend more time travelling to and from work than they do at home with their kids.

The suburbs of middle Australia are being transformed from lively communities where people lived, worked and played into drive-in, drive-out suburbs where people can afford a home but can’t find a job.

The problem here is not simply inconvenience.

Here we have millions of people literally watching their quality of life drifting away like the white line in their rear-vision mirror.

And the current government is doing nothing.

It sees no role for itself in urban policy or the provision of the public transport that could make a real impact on this problem.

But when Labor returns to government, we’ll begin a major attack on the problem of traffic congestion.

We won’t just build a few extra toll roads.

We’ll attack this problem at multiple levels to give all Australians the time and space they deserve to be more than just numbers on someone’s payroll, more than just cogs in a machine.

But it’s not just about what we do in our big capital cities.

It’s also about what we do to harness the ability of our regional cities and towns like Bathurst to take some of the development pressure off the major cities.

Many Australians stuck in the traffic jams I just referred to would happily consider moving to regional Australia for its lifestyle advantages.

What they need is the confidence they will be able to find work in those regional areas and access the services that are available in capital cities.

That’s why Labor is focusing heavily in boosting regional development and promoting quality of life through close attention to urban policy.

We must strengthen regional centres by working with local businesses to promote jobs growth.

We must also focus on consistency of quality of government services across the nation.

I’m not just talking about good schools and hospitals, but also tertiary education via well-resourced regional campuses of universities and vocational training.

Infrastructure is also critical.

If we hope to see rural and regional Australia taking some of the pressure off our cities, they need to be linked to those cities by good roads and, critically railways.

The recently opened Regional Rail Link, in Victoria, allows commuters from Ballarat, Bendigo and Geelong rapid access to Melbourne on a new rail line that is separate from the existing Melbourne passenger train network.

It’s a game changer.

The Regional Rail Link was the largest ever commonwealth investment in a public transport project.

It’s projects like this and the proposed High Speed Rail Link between Brisbane and Melbourne via Sydney and Canberra that show how carefully targeted commonwealth investment can make a real difference when it comes to strengthening links between cities and regions and, in the process, lifting productivity for both.

The most important way to boost regions in the Digital Age is to ensure they have access to a National Broadband Network connected directly to homes and businesses.

A half-baked, second-rate NBN of the type being delivered by the current government not only shortchanges cities like Bathurst.

It also shortchanges the entire nation.

It denies us the chance to bring our country into the 21st century – a century where technology is overcoming the tyranny of distance and allowing for greater connections between regional and metropolitan Australia across a whole range of areas.



Australians want stronger communities.

They understand that the rapid changes that are a constant in the 21st century risk isolating people from each other in a personal sense and seriously damaging the community fabric.

Governments have a role to play in strengthening communities.

I’m not just talking about handing out grants for community festivals, although this is money well spent.

I’m talking about, for example, focusing on quality of life by tackling traffic congestion in cities.

I’m talking about working with councils on urban design to ensure that our cities evolve in ways that promote a sense of community by providing opportunities for the interaction with others that most of us crave.

Designers pay great attention to the look of new apartment buildings.

But to promote healthy communities, we need to think more about the design of the spaces between those buildings.

We need better designed cities and towns, more public transport and better roads.

We need support for the arts and encouragement for local councils which, reflecting the closeness to their community, want to focus on development and sustenance of those strong community links.

It’s not just in big cities.

Every small community in Australia – from Bathurst to Bamaga – adds something to our nation by providing Australians with a home base for their broader activities and a context for their lives.

Governments need to value communities as more than simply places where houses exist.

They are people’s homes – places where they live, work and play.

A future Labor government will provide policy leadership to the states and local government and collaborate with both so that the great gains this nation has made in personal prosperity in recent decades are backed up with commensurate enrichment of community life.

Our task will begin with addressing the drive-in, drive-out suburb phenomenon and extend into any area where we can make a difference.

The best place to start is to work with the local councils, because they are in the closest contact with the needs and aspirations of communities.

The former Labor Government did exactly that in my own area of infrastructure and transport through programs Regional Development Australia Fund and the Regional and Local Community Infrastructure program.

In this region, these programs delivered, for example an upgrade for Mount Panorama, the refurbishment of the Chifley House, the expansion of the Orange Airport and the upgrade of the Orange Aquatic centre.

We also delivered projects like the Orange Bypass and the Great Western Highway upgrade.

A commonwealth government that listens to communities about their needs, rather than seeking to impose upon them some outcome dreamed up by bureaucrats in Canberra, stands the best chance of enriching community life.



The next Labor Government must be also address inequality.

Whilst growing income inequality is central, there are also aspects of social inequality.

That’s why a Labor Government will legislate for marriage equality within 100 days of its election.

It’s why we will promote racial equality by getting on with a referendum to recognise indigenous Australians in our Constitution.

We’ll enhance universal health care and promote a higher education system in which wealth does not determine access to self-improvement.

We’ll attack digital inequality by giving all Australians equal access to a world-class NBN that is based on fibre to the home and business.

In the 21st century economy, all Australians should have the best available Internet access.

Australia needs broadband, not fraudband.

That means fibre, not copper.

That means universality of service.

Otherwise those who can’t afford it won’t have access to the tools of social mobility.

That’s not only unjust.

It is just plain stupid because it will also limit this nation’s future economic growth.

Labor will also insist on equity measures in taxation.

We’ll require the big multi-nationals that fill their coffers off the backs of Australian consumers to give something back by actually paying tax in this country, rather than playing accountancy tricks to send their profits offshore.

We’ll also consider the introduction of a Buffet Tax under which individuals will be required to pay a minimum tax rate beyond which they cannot reduce their exposure with tax deductions.

The Buffett rule is named after American billionaire Warren Buffett, who found to his shame a few years ago that his accountants had ordered his affairs so that he paid a lower tax rate than his secretary.

We also need to deliver gender equity by escalating the battle against domestic violence.

This requires the entire community to be mobilized to address this national crisis.

Striving for equity is central to the Labor mission.

It cuts across just about every policy area on the political radar screen.



There is no greater intergenerational issue than the environment.

The current Government’s refusal to take serious action on climate change not only isolates us from the international community, but also creates a situation where our inaction will impose costs on our children.

Their prevarication and whining about taking any action will do nothing but kick the problem down the road for our children and our grandchildren to deal with.

I don’t want to leave my son and his children a massive bill to make up for the current generation’s inaction on climate change.

I’d rather they inherit a clean environment; a healthy Great Barrier Reef; an Australia that has invested in renewable energy sources.

Labor must not be intimidated by our opponents into turning away from policies that focus on sustainability.

Indeed, sustainability must be promoted to the very centre of our policy considerations across the board.

Sustainability is not just about the environment.

It’s also about the way we design our cities and our communities.

It’s about the way we use government intervention to promote sustainable industry.

It’s about transport policy.

For example, one crowded commuter train can take hundreds of carbon emitting cars off the road.

So public transport not only boosts economic productivity by reducing congestion; it also provides an environmental outcome.

In the future Labor Governments should bring the concept of sustainability to the centre of policy making by considering the sustainability implications of all decisions.

And of course, we must act on climate change.

While the former prime minister became so irrational on the issue that he reduced this critical issue to arguing that wind turbines were ugly while coal mines were beautiful, most Australians understand the arguments for action.

That includes the new Prime Minister, although he agreed to shackle himself to inaction on the issue as a precondition to winning support among his colleagues.

Climate change is not some kind of international scientific conspiracy dreamed up by extremists who simply hate the mining and energy sectors.

It’s an economic issue.

We can kid ourselves as much as we like to avoid the truth, but the world is moving toward a low-emissions future.

Our choice is simple.

We can do nothing and wake up one day in the future to find the market for coal is shrinking and that our international competitors have cornered the market on clean-energy technology.

Or we can embrace change as an economic opportunity.

There are fortunes to be made in emerging renewable energy sectors but the current government is turning its back on the reality of change.

We’ve already lost the first mover advantage.

But it’s not too late for a Labor Government to get things back on track.

We don’t underestimate the complexity of managing a transition from an economy where mining is a key employer to one where the influence of mining declines over the long term.

But we need to manage the shift to renewable energy whether we like it or not.

We can’t stop it.

That’s why Labor remains convinced that a market-linked mechanism is the best way to deliver genuine outcomes.


It’s hard not to conclude that Ben Chifley had real enthusiasm for his life’s work; that he took joy in fighting the good fight on behalf of those who needed a hand.

While I’ve got no doubt Chifley was a political warrior, his real interest was in delivering progress.

In 2015, we need to follow his example.

For the past decade I have watched the quality of political debate in this country deteriorate into hyper-partisanship and negativity.

Tight electoral margins, the rise of the 24-hour media cycle and the particularly combative approach of Tony Abbott have led the decline.

I believe that Tony Abbott became so comfortable with being Opposition Leader he failed to transition.

Malcolm Turnbull’s repudiation of long held political positions is also a win for short term tactics over long term policy implementation.

Mr Turnbull should take the opportunity to explore ways to collaborate to achieve real progress for our nation.

He could start by accepting Bill Shorten’s invitation to join him in a bipartisan national summit on addressing the domestic violence crisis.

US actor Kevin Spacey, who plays the President of the United States in the series House of Cards, has obviously reflected seriously on this issue.

Spacey once said in an interview:

Partisan rancour and party politics and ideology have got in the way of compromise – and compromise is the only thing that has ever made politics successful.

He’s spot on.

If the only language between politicians is the language of conflict, we’ll make a lot of noise but less progress.

Indeed, that is pretty much the story of the recently departed Abbott Government.

Lots of noise, no progress.

Tonight I’ve tried to explain why I think Labor can and should return to government.

But I know one thing.

We won’t return to government unless we put people at the top of our agenda.

Putting people first requires that we speak to them respectfully; communicating with them in an authentic manner.

We should look no further for inspiration than former US President John F Kennedy.

On 15 July 1960, as Kennedy accepted his party’s nomination to run for the presidency, he declared,

“We are not here to curse the darkness. We are here to light a candle.’’


Whenever I hear that Kennedy quotation and its focus on bringing light to the political darkness, I am reminded of the quiet dignity of Ben Chifley.

Chifley did not curse the darkness. He pointed to a better future – one in which people came first.

Let me thank the Labor Party Bathurst branch for giving me the great honour of delivering tonight’s address.

For me, being given such an opportunity is a dream come true.

But that’s the thing about the labour movement. People’s dreams can come true.

A train driver can become prime minister.

A boy who grew up in a council house with his single mum can become deputy prime minister.

Forty years after Chifley, the Manchester band The Smiths sang: ”There is a light that never goes out’’.

As long as the Australian Labor Party has true believers working for the advancement of all, that light will indeed continue to be a beacon of hope for us all.

Aug 13, 2015

Launch of Dennis Glover’s an economy is not a society


Economist Joseph Schumpeter argued that turmoil was a necessary ingredient for achieving progress in a capitalist society.

His Theory of Creative Destruction holds that in order to create a new economy, we must continually annihilate the old one.

This is an economic determinism that is indifferent to humanity.

Dennis Glover’s book stands in stark contrast to Schumpeter’s assertions.

This is a book that puts people back into the economic equation.

An Economy is Not a Society, argues that the benefits of economic reform must always be balanced against the human costs they incur.

It asserts that progress needs to be achieved without having a disregard for negative consequences.

Dennis writes:

In the field of public policy, if human feeling cannot trump mathematical calculation, we are in danger of becoming a mere economy, rather than a society; digits on some economists’ spread sheet, rather than human beings living in actual communities.

I agree.

There is no humanity in viewing workers as mere economic units to be moved about in accordance with textbook theory, rather than as real human beings with families who are a part of a community.

There is no doubt that more than two decades of continuous economic growth has lifted average living standards and that many individuals have benefitted from this growth.

Dennis’s book is a thoughtful reminder that these years of economic growth have not come without cost.

He skilfully illustrates his point by transporting us to his boyhood home town of Doveton, about 35km southeast of Melbourne.

When Dennis was growing up in Doveton in the 1970s, it seemed to him that everyone had a job.

His Dad worked at the Holden factory.

His Mum worked at the Heinz factory.

All of his friends parents’ were also employed in manufacturing and his community, while not affluent, was secure and functional.

The workers of the area felt genuine loyalty for their employers and had a sense of identity.

Work was seen by employer and employee as a co-operative partnership – something not so common these days with the casualization of the Australian workforce.

Move forward 30 years and a lot has changed in Doveton.

While the removal of government support for manufacturing has delivered benefits for many, people who remain in Doveton tell a different story.

Dennis reveals that while the factories of his youth provided 7500 local jobs, economic change of recent decades has destroyed all but 500 jobs.

The unemployment rate sits around 21 percent.

The most compelling images of this book come early on when Dennis writes of returning to the street where he grew up.

While the street featured tidy, well-kept homes and a lively family atmosphere, it had become a picture of disorder.

Yards concreted over. Green areas overrun with weeds.

Indeed, his old family home was littered with car wrecks and it turned out the occupants were using it to run a backyard wrecking business.

Dennis writes:

… it’s because of all the sacrifices that the people of Doveton have involuntarily made that people in more affluent places get to drive their Audis and BMWs.

Dennis describes this process as “the revolution the little people lost’’.

An Economy is Not a Society is a passionate and unflinching critique of Schumpeter’s concept of creative destruction.

It is a brave and thought-provoking book.

You can feel Dennis’s strong and thoughtful passion on every page.

In many ways it is a polemic.

It should be of interest to all who believe in reform, particularly those who believe that Labor’s historic role is to represent the interests of those who most need an interventionist state.

It is also a book which has a moral purpose – something that can be lacking in the pure science of economics.

I don’t endorse all of Dennis’s sentiments.

But I agree with Dennis’s core argument that whatever benefits we believe can be gained by reform must be weighed against the costs.

While it is the role of government to achieve progress, we must not allow it to crush the legitimate interests of average Australians, working hard to raise their families.

Indeed, if we are serious reformers, we must accept that with change comes a responsibility not to leave people behind.

In my shadow portfolio of infrastructure, I’ve always argued that when considering whether we should build a new road or railway line, we should conduct cost-benefit analysis.

Dennis’s book is a reminder that we must apply the same discipline to the task of economic reform.

While Dennis’s canvas is his own community, his observations are relevant right across this country.

Here in Sydney the inner west industrial belt around Marrickville and Sydenham once provided many more jobs for unskilled workers, particularly from migrant backgrounds, than they do today.

There’s another example not far from here at Millers Point, in the shadows of the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

For decades, the Maritime Services Board provided public housing in Millers Point for dock workers and seafarers whose base was Sydney Harbour.

Generations of workers lived in this area, which grew into a real community – the type of place where people check in on their neighbours and look after each other.

Residents might have been poor financially, but they have always been rich in their sense of community.

However, the Baird State Government is selling the properties on the seemingly rational economic basis that the proceeds can be used to build more public housing elsewhere.

Economic rationalists know the price of everything and the value of nothing.

No-one in the Baird Government has considered what is being lost in this transaction – a living, vibrant, caring community.

When Mike Baird looks at Millers Point he sees dollar signs.

When I look at Millers Point, I see a community made up of people who deserve respect and care.

However, elderly residents of some of these homes have received eviction notices slipped under their doors.

The message being sent is that these people are disposable – that you can just put them out like the rubbish.

Never mind that many have lived in these homes for their entire lives and have established strong and effective support networks within their community – networks that have value.

We might not be able to express that value in dollars and cents, but we are fools if we pretend it does not exist.

Here is another example.

Right now, across Australia’s major cities, demographic change linked to the economy is ravaging communities.

In the past decade, there has been a shift in the location of jobs growth in our cities.

Previously, jobs growth was strongest in the suburbs in industries like manufacturing – close to where people could find affordable housing.

But the rise of the Digital Age has seen a shift, with jobs growth now concentrated in inner suburbs in service industries.

This means many Australians now live in drive-in, drive-out suburbs – suburban communities where housing is still affordable but where jobs are scarce.

Tragically, this means that many people spend more time driving to and from work than they spend playing with their children.

This development, linked as it is to shifts in the economy, requires a government response to preserve people’s quality of life and protect the economy from erosion of the productivity needed to create jobs.

Yet the Abbott Government is apparently unaware of this problem and has no strategy to meet its challenges beyond building a few more toll roads.

If it had any interest in the quality of life of average Australians, it would tackle the drive-in, drive out phenomenon by investing in better public transport and roads, tackling housing affordability and lifting housing density along established public transport corridors.

But that is the problem with this crowd.

They think of Australia as an economy, not a society.

As Dennis has pointed out so well, Labor Governments need to remember that the economy serves the people, not the other way around.

Or, in Dennis’s words:

Making the economy stronger is not an end in itself; creating a better society is.

Early in this book Dennis poses the question: “Can an economic theory exist in the absence of a moral position?’’

To that I say absolutely not.

Former US President John F Kennedy once provided a more eloquent answer.

Kennedy said:

Economic growth without social progress lets the great majority of people remain in poverty, while a privileged few reap the benefits of rising abundance.

In 2015, Labor must stand for economic reform.

But never without social progress.



Contact Anthony

(02) 9564 3588 Electorate Office

Email: [email protected]

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